Get to know VPS: Definition, Functions, Comparison

4 min read


In the digital era, many of our activities are related to websites and the like. As an active internet user, of course you are also familiar with VPS (Virtual Private Server).

In simple terms, the use of a VPS is usually to get a website online. If you have a website, but you don’t need resources from a dedicated server, a VPS is the solution for your website. In addition to the relatively cheap price, VPS is also safe for a type of shared hosting class,

For further explanation about Virtual Private Server, please refer to the following explanation.

Understanding VPS

Virtual Private Server (VPS) is a type of server that implements dedicated (private) resources or is used by one user only and is not influenced by other users. Because it is only used by one user, the user can fully manage the configuration and resources contained in it.

“Virtual” because it is virtual and has no physical form. Later the physical form can be shared in several different resources. So that in one physical server can accommodate several VPS, resource sharing is done by using an application.

VPS is said to be more secure and stable than shared hosting, because all the resources in it can only be accessed by one user. Therefore, VPS is usually used by site voters whose websites have high enough traffic, but do not yet require resources from a dedicated server.

VPS Functions

After knowing the meaning of VPS, we also need to know the function of the VPS itself. The following are VPS functions based on their application by users.

1. Website Server (Web Hosting)

Most of the users use VPS as server for websites or also known as web hosting. In general, low-traffic websites do not require large resources. This means that small volume websites often use shared hosting instead of VPS.

However, when a website already has sufficient traffic, website administrators often turn to a VPS that has more suitable hardware and resource specifications than shared hosting.

2. Remote Desktop Server

Some users use VPS as engine for their business. Users implementing bots on the server. The bot will automatically execute the pinned command within a certain period of time.

When Bitcoin was still a hot topic, many users tried to use VPS to mine BitCoin. However, almost all service providers, prohibited its use for this purpose, as this would put the server in a high load position for a long time.

3. Server File Hosting

Apart from website page files, VPS also stores personal files so you can access them from anywhere on the Internet. Some hosting files can only be used with VPS services and are not used with hosting services because they only load the server and of course hinder the activities of other users. VPS storage capacity depends on the plan the user is using. The larger the storage space, the more expensive the monthly subscription will be.

4. Trial Machine

In the process of developing a website, sometimes it is necessary to test that takes into account the needs of the current system. With a VPS, any defects can go through repair as soon as possible. In addition, this specification makes it easy for developers to use hosting that suits the needs of the website and system.

5. First Server Backup

All servers are prone to data loss. This can happen due to wrong settings and even theft by irresponsible people. The purpose of VPS adding a backup server is to keep the latest server data up to date so that if there is a problem with the main server, there is a backup server that can restore at any time.

Comparison of VPS with Other Web Hosting

Web Hosting allows you to do some customization on the server. Many kinds of web hosting, depending on the service and price. Here we compare VPS with other web hosting.

1. Cloud Hosting

This hosting lets you use a set of multiple servers, not just one, running in the cloud. Each of the servers in the cluster stores the most recent copy of your website. When a server becomes busy, the cluster will automatically redirect traffic to a server that is not busy. For this reason, there will be no problems related to downtime, because there is always a server in the cluster that will forward requests from your website visitors.

2. WordPress Hosting

WordPress hosting is a service specifically for WordPress-based website owners. Provides various WordPress-related features that unfortunately you can only use if you have a WordPress-based site, for example one-click installation pre-installed plugins, or the WP command-line interface software. The server is configured in sync with the system and how WordPress works.

If later there can produce a WordPress site that is a private server, but you do not get access to a custom-built server that has been configured. However, if you still want a VPS to manage a WordPress-based site, then you can configure it according to the needs of your business site.

3. Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is the best choice for website owners whose website traffic is still not too high. Using shared hosting means that you will later share the same physical server using a number of other clients who also use services from the same company. In connection with your site which will later operate with sites belonging to other clients, there is no dedicated resource allocation for you.

Thus, the memory and computing power that your site uses will be affected by the needs of other service users. For example, if suddenly the amount of traffic increases sharply on a website on the same server using the one you are using, then when loading your website it will take longer. You can’t choose the operating system, even the server software because all users use the same configuration. In other words, it is your provider who manages and manages every aspect of the shared hosting platform.

4. Dedicated Hosting

For dedicated hosting, you rent all the physical servers to run your business website. If your website traffic is very high, then dedicated hosting is the best choice because dedicated servers are flexible, fast, and can do full modifications or customizations. However, the price of Dedicated Hosting is relatively expensive.

VPS allows you to choose and configure the operating system and server software, while the sophistication of dedicated hosting does not only revolve around the operating system and server software. Apart from applications, dedicated hosting also allows you to configure the hardware because all the servers are yours and no one will interfere.


VPS is closely related to virtualization technology—where one physical server will be turned into several dream machines or virtual systems, which will be able to run operating systems and software that are not compatible.
Generally VPS is a last resort. If your website has grown, and has even exceeded the shared hosting resource limit, then it’s time for you to switch to a VPS package.